Important Dates in Indian History

Important Dates in Indian History

3000-1500Indus Valley Civilisation
576Birth of Gautam Buddha
527Birth of Mahavir
327-326Alexander’s invasion of India. It opened a land route between India and Europe
313Accession of Chandragupta Maurya according to Jain traditions
305Defeat of Seleucus at the hands of Chandragupta Maurya
273-232Ashoka’s reign
261Conquest of Kalinga
145-101Region of Elara, the Chola King of Sri Lanka
58Beginning of Vikrami era
AD 1st – 10th Century
78Beginning of Saka Era
120Accession of Kanishka
320Commencement of Gupta era, the Golden Age of ancient India
380Accession of Vikramaditya
405 – 411Visit of Chinese traveller Fa-Hien
415Accession of Kumara Gupta I
455Accession of Skando Gupta
606-647Harshavardhan’s reign
712First invasion in Sind by Arabs
836Accession of King Bhoja of Kanauj
985Accession of Rajaraja, the Chola ruler
998Accession of Sultan Mahmud
AD 1001 – 1499
1001First invasion of India by Mahmud Ghazni who defeated Jaipal, ruler of Punjab
1025Destruction of Somnath Temple by Mahmud Ghazni
1191First Battle of Tarain
1192Second Battle of Tarain
1206Accession of Qutub-ud-din Aibak to the throne of Delhi
1210Death of Qutub-ud-din Aibak
1221Genghis Khan invaded India (Mongol invasion)
1236Accession of Razia Sultan to the throne of Delhi
1240Razia Sultan dies
1296Accession of Ala-ud-din Khalji
1316Ala-ud-din Khalji dies
1325Accession of Muhammad-bin Tughlaq
1327Shifting of Capital from Delhi to Daulatabad to Deccan by the Tughlaq
1336Foundation of Vijayanagar empire in the South
1351Accession of Feroz Shah
1398Invasion of India by Timur Lang
1469Birth of Guru Nanak
1494Accession of Babur in Ferghana
1497 – 1498First voyage of Vasco da Gama to India (discovery of sea route to   India via the Cape of Good Hope
AD 1500 – 1799
1526First Battle of Panipat, Babur defeated Ibrahim Lodi; Foundation of Mughal rule by Babur
1527Battle of Khanua  Babur defeated Rana Sanga
1530Death of Babur and accession of Humayun
1539Sher Shah Suri defeated Humayun and became India’s emperor
1540Battle of Kanauj
1555Humayun recaptured the throne of Delhi
1556Second Battle of Panipat
1565Battle of Talikota
1576Battle of Haldighati; Rana Pratap defeated by Akbar
1582Din-e-Illahi founded by Akbar
1597Death of Rana Pratap
1600East India Company established
1605Death of Akbar and accession of Jahangir
1606Execution of Guru ArjunDev
1611Jahangir marries Nur Jahan
1616Sir Thomas Roe visits Jahagir
1627Birth of Shivaji and death of Jahangir
1628Shah Jahan becomes emperor of India
1631Death of Mumtaj Mahal
1634The British permitted to trade in India in Bengal
1659Accession of Aurangzeb, Shah Jahan imprisoned
1665Shivaji imprisoned by Aurangzeb
1666Death of Shah Jahan
1675Execution of Teg Bahadur, the ninth Guru of Sikhs
1680Death of Shivaji
1707Death of Aurangzeb
1708Death of Guru Gobind Singh
1739Nadir Shah invades India
1757Battle of Plassey, establishment of British political rule in India at the hands of Lord Clive
1761Third Battle of Panipat; Shah Alam II becomes India’s emperor
1764Battle of Buxor
1765Clive appointed Company’s Governor in India
1767 – 1769First Mysore War
1770The Great Bengal Fami
1780Birth of Maharaja Ranjit Singh
1780 – 1784Second Mysore War
1784Pitt’s India Act
1790 -1792Third Mysore War
1793Permanent Settlement of Bengal
1799Fourth Mysore War; Death of Tipu Sultan

Important Days of India

Important Days of India
January 12National Youth Day
January 15Army Day
January 26Republic Day
January 30Martyrs’ Day
February 24Central Excise Day
February 28National Science Day
April 5National Maritime Day
May 11National Technology Day
August 9Quit India Day
August 15Independence Day

Chauri Chaura

The Chauri Chaura incident occurred at Chauri Chaura in the Gorakhpur district of the United Province, (modern Uttar Pradesh) in British India on 4 February 1922, when a large group of protesters, participating in the Non-cooperation movement, clashed with police, who opened fire. In retaliation the demonstrators attacked and set fire to a police station, killing all of its occupants.

The incident led to the deaths of three civilians and 23 policemen. Mahatma Gandhi, who was strictly against violence, halted the Non-cooperation Movement on the national level on 12 February 1922, as a direct result of this incident.

Leave a Comment