What is Salt in Chemistry?

What is Salt in Chemistry?

What is Salt in Chemistry?

Salt is an ionic compound that contains a cation (base) and an anion (acid).

Salt is the result of the combination of acid and base. In short, salt is the product formed in a neutralization reaction.

  1. Acid:- An acid is defined as a substance whose water solution tastes sour, turns blue litmus red, and neutralizes bases.
  2. Base:- A substance is called base if its aqueous solution tastes bitter, turns red litmus blue, or neutralizes acids. 
  3. Salt:- Salt is a neutral substance whose aqueous solution does not affect litmus.

Examples of Salts in Chemistry

Simple salts – sodium chloride (NaCl) 

Acidic salts – sodium carbonate (NaHCO3) and ammonium chloride (NH4Cl)

Basic salts – sodium acetate, potassium cyanide (KCN), and zinc chloride hydroxide (Zn(OH)Cl)

see also: Why does the colour of copper sulphate solution change when an iron nail is dipped in it?

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