Fri. Jul 1st, 2022

Small intestine function in digestive system

What is intestine

The intestine is a muscular tube that starts from the lower end of the human stomach to the anus. Anus is the lower opening of the digestive tract. It is also called the bowel. The longest part of the alimentary canal is the small intestine.

Small Intestine

The small intestine lies between the stomach and the large intestine. The small intestine is so-called because its lumen diameter is smaller than that of the large intestine. Although, the length of the small intestine is longer in length than the large intestine.

Small intestine function

Functions of small intestine are as follows:

a) Churn and mix ingested food, making it into chyme.

b) Move the food along its entire length (into the colon)

c) Mix ingested food with mucus (making it easier to move)

d) Receive digesting enzymes from the pancreas and liver (via the pancreatic and common bile ducts)

length of small intestine

Small intestine is the longest part of the alimentary canal is the small intestine.

It is a highly coiled structure of about 7.5 meters in length.

It is a very narrow tube with a large internal surface area.

Almost complete digestion of food takes place in small intestine.

It absorbs digested food completely.

It receives bile juice from the liver and pancreatic juice from the pancreas.

Parts of small intestine

The small intestine is divided into three parts:

a) Duodenum

b) Jejunum

c) Ileum

small intestine diagram

small intestine function in digestive system

small intestine problems

a) Abdominal pain or cramps

b) Nausea with or without vomiting

c) Fever

d) Chills

e) Diarrhea

f) Headache

g) Blood in stools

small intestine infection

If the infection is in the small intestine, symptoms include watery diarrhea and vomiting

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