Hydrogen – Detailed Info


Atomic Number1
Atomic Mass1.008
Discovered byHydrogen was discovered by Henry Cavendish

Chemical Properties of Hydrogen

Group1Melting point−259.16°C, −434.49°F, 13.99 K
Period1Boiling point−252.879°C, −423.182°F, 20.271 K
BlocksDensity (g cm−3)0.000082
Atomic number1Relative atomic mass1.008
State at 20°CGasKey isotopes1H, 2H
Electron configuration1s1CAS number133-74-0
ChemSpider ID4515072ChemSpider is a free chemical structure database

Physical Properties Of Hydrogen

  • It is a gas with no colour and odor and has the lowest density of all gases. It is seen as the clean fuel of the future which is generated from water and returned to water when oxidized.
  • It is present in water and in almost all molecules in living things. It remains bonded with carbon and oxygen atoms. It can be said that it is the most abundant element in the universe.
  • It is present as a gas in the atmosphere in one part per million volumes. Hydrogen is spotless and is non-toxic and safe to produce from various different sources, transport, and store in large amounts.
  • It is named an energy carrier because it stores energy which is first created somewhere else.
  • This element was artificially produced in the 16th century. It was named as hydrogen whose Greek name is ‘water-former’

What is Hydrogen?

  • To start the tour with the periodic table of elements, the first element to come across is Hydrogen, whose chemical symbol is H. It is the first and most basic among all the elements in the universe. It is also the lightest element in the periodic table, and 90% of all the atoms in the universe are hydrogen atoms.
  • The chemist Lavoisier gives the name hydrogen. It got its name from the Greek word “hydro” meaning water. Lavoisier knew that it existed in every water molecule.

Uses of Hydrogen

  • Ammonia synthesis is the most significant use of hydrogen.
  • A large amount of hydrogen is consumed in the catalytic hydrogenation of vegetable oils to extract solid fat.
  • It is also consumed as a rocket fuel when combined with oxygen, and as a rocket propellant by nuclear energy.
  • Hydrogen is burnt as a fuel to burn in internal combustion engines.

see also: Detailed Information about first 30 elements of Periodic Table

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